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Several cultures laid the groundwork for the rise of the Inca, cultures of which most people have never heard .
The Wari, Nazca, Tiwanaku, Chimu, Moche, and Chavin all had striking achievements of their own, upon which the Inca were able to build.
Because of its size and architecture, Caral is considered by some archaeologists to be the “capitol” city of what is now known as the “Caral-Supe Civilization.” This civilization includes the 18 other Pre-ceramic sites in the Supe valley and other similarly constructed sites in surrounding valleys.
The Inca Empire encompassed what is now modern day Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina, Peru, and Chile and left its mark with impressive architecture, elaborate road networks and innovative agricultural developments.
The scenic backdrop of Machu Picchu, the sacred lost city of the Incas, stirs the imagination and fills the mind with wonder and amazement as the modern day symbol of the Inca Empire’s accomplishments.
This U-shaped form has been suggested to be the prototype for later, Initial Period architecture, which include U-shaped complexes (Burger, 1992).
Both El Paraiso and Aspero are especially significant for supporting the Martime hypothesis.
How could such large monuments be constructed by societies lacking in ceramic technology and reliance on agriculture?